Financial Terms “L”


Last in, first out

Last in, first out (LIFO) is an assumption used in inventory valuation and other processes. LIFO assumes that the last products purchased or produced are the first sold or consumed.

The LIFO method is also used in security purchases. If securities are sold, the LIFO method would assume the last securities purchased are the first sold.

Alternatives to the LIFO method are the first in, first out (FIFO) or weighted average methods.


A liability is a debt that a business owes. Liabilities are one of the five types of accounts and are shown on the balance sheet. They are included in the accounting equation where assets equal liabilities and equity.


See last in, first out.


  1. Liquidity is the concept of nearness to cash. Cash is a liquid asset. Marketable securities are liquid because they can be converted to cash quickly. Land is illiquid because it may take months to sell.
  2. Liquidity for a company is the ability to pay cash to meet current debts when due. This is also called solvency.

Liquidity ratios

Liquidity ratios are financial ratios that show a company’s ability to pay debts in the short term. Liquidity relates to the ease of converting an asset into cash. Liquidity ratios focus on a company’s balance sheet. The liquidity ratios are:

Financial Terms Dictionary

Jeff Mankin

Jeff Mankin teaches financial literacy. His website is

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